How long will the operation take?

Every case is individual as all AVM’s are graded in size and/or weakness, some may only need a few hours of surgery but larger more complicated AVM’s can take many hours to remove therefore this is difficult to say but your surgeon will advise you of time scales.

What are the risks?

Risks are also dependant on the individual case and can include Stroke, Infection and Exacerbation of Epilepsy but this depends on the size and location of the AVM, this should be discussed with your surgeon.

How do you know that your local PCT will fund your surgery?

From 2008 the law states patients have a choice but please check this with your GP when being referred to the surgeon.

Who was the neurosurgeon that helped you, do they treat any neurological problem?

Mr David Porter Frenchay Hospital Bristol, this is a Neurological hospital and there is a large team of surgeons each dealing with certain parts of the brain. If you are referred to another surgeon they would be the correct surgeon for the part of the brain that needs treatment.

Where can I get treatment?

London National, Sheffield and Frenchay are all very good Neurological hospitals.

What treatment options are available?

Gammer Knife, Embolisation and Surgical Excision.

How do you get an AVM?

You are born with it but normally symptoms show later in life.

What are the symptoms for an AVM / how can it be detected?

Blackouts, Headaches, Blurred Vision, Slurred Speech, Seizures, you may feel very well and have only one or two symptoms an MRI scan will normally show any underlying problem.

How is an AVM of the brain diagnosed?

MRI scanning

Will I lose my driving license?

If you have suffered a seizure your driving licence will normally be taken until you are seizure free for a clear year, if in doubt check with DVLA.